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Platycerium Holttumii








  Many lobes per fertile frond, one spore patch per lobe.   One lobe is small and elevated, one is large and hanging down.



Photo: Zulkifli Md Isa on Malaysia Platycerium. Exotic Plant Society

P. holttumii is from Southeast Asia and Malaysia.  It is a large platy like P. superbum, P. grande, P. wandaei.  It differs from the first two by having fertile fronds with two lobes with spore patches, one smaller (labeled A in photo above) and elevated, and one larger and hanging down (labeled B).

Roy Vail reports that in the 1970 paper which separated P. grande and P. superbum, Joncheere and Hennipman described the P. holttumii as a new species.  It is named for Dr R. E., Holttum of Kew, New England, author of "A Revised Flora of Malaya.

In practice it can be very difficult to tell P. holttumii from P. wandae.  Since their fertile fronds are about the same shape.  The lack of little frills on the shields at the bud differentiate the P. holttumii from  P. wandae, as depicted in the P. grande photo on the right with the little frills.  Roy Vail points out that in a P. wandae with old shields, its little frills may die back causing it to look like P. holttumii until new shields form.  It is also difficult to tell P. grande, P. superbum, P. wandae and P. holttumii apart when young

Roy Vail located three people who felt branching of the rhizome occasionally happens in P. holttumii.  One showed a large bulge under the shields near the bud which was thought to be a rhizome branch growing trapped underneath.  Another had a set of shields with a rhizome and bud which had fallen off a large plant, and was mounted as a separate new plant.  The third wrote of a P. holttumii pup.

Hobbyists should grow P. holttumii in bright locations with high humidity for best results.  During growing seasons, water more frequently and keep it extra moist.  P. holltumii can not be expected to tolerate the low temperatures as P. superbum, however they should be treated the same.

Today, the main source may be imports of small samples from Thailand.  When received, Roy Vail suggests treating with terramycin to prevent any bacteria.

Roy Vail reports that in the early 1970 Robert Oman in Miami received a group of 50 small plants from California labeled, P. holttumii sporelings.  When mature their fertile fronds developed unusual shapes.  Of the starting 50, 44 went to Puerto Rico.  Of the remaining, 6, one of the offspring's is in the trade as Glasshouse Works and pictured on the left. Looks a lot like P. grande, P. superbum, or P. wandae when young and before fertile fronds form.










The photo on the left is a mature P. holttumii presented on Facebook by Zulkifli Md Isa of the Malaysian Platycerium/ Exotic Plants Society.  The plant looks a lot like a P. wandae only there are no frills around the bud.  There are several fertile fronds.  Each fertile frond has two lobes with spore patches.  One is smaller and elevated while the second is larger and on a lobe below the smaller spore patch. The shield fronds open up wide to catch falling debris which the plant composts for  

Comparison of; P. grande, P. superbum, P. holttumii, P. wandae


P. grande

P. superbum

P. holttumii

P. wandae

Common Name




Queen Staghorn

Temp Range

40 to 100 F

 30 to 100 F

60 to 100 F *

60 to 100 F *

Number of fertile fronds with lobes Many, divided Many,
not divided
Many with 2 lobes
1 elevated, 1 hanging down
Many with 2 lobes
1 elevated, 1 hanging down
No. Spore Patches

 Two  per Lobe

One per lobe

One per lobe

One per lobe

Spore Patch shape

Equal size


1 small elevated
1 large hanging down

1 small elevated
1 large hanging down

Frill around bud





Volunteer Pups





Native to:



SE Asia

New Guinea

Growing environment

50% shade cloth

50% shade cloth Greenhouse







  Found this photo on Facebook, in the Planet Platycerium page. 
  Zulkifli Md Isa provided this photo and I assume it is in Malaysaia since Zulkifi Md Isa is with the malaysain Platycerium/ Exotic Plants Society.

 Notice how the shield fronds are almost horizontal collecting sunlight and anything else fortunate to fall in to this composting machine.

 The fertile fronds hang down and there are several fertile fronds.  Each fertile frond has two lobes with spore patches underneath.  There is a smaller elevated lobe and a larger lower lobe on each fertile frond.

The P. holtumii is very similar in appearance to a P. wandae except the P. wandae has frills around the bud.


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